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Adana



Adana, Turkey.
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Photo: Minamie's Photo.



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Adana

Adana, Turkey. Photo: <A HREF=http://www.flickr.com/photos/travelho/>Carnaval King 08</A>
Adana, Turkey.

Adana, Turkey.
ZOOM - Open a large version of this image

Photo: Minamie's Photo.

City in Turkey with 1.2 million inhabitants (2004 estimate) on the plain of Cilicia and the Seyhan River, 30 km from the northeastern corner of the Mediterranean Sea. It is the capital of Adana province with 1.9 million inhabitants (2004 estimate).
Adana is the centre for trade, marketing and distribution from the agricultural coastal lowland where it is located. The industries of Adana produce textiles, tanned leather, processed wool, agricultural machinery, cement, vegetable oils and food. Adana is the centre of an agricultural region producing cotton, rice, wheat, barley, sesame, oats, citrus fruits, grapes, olives and tobacco. Adana is also an important centre for the trade of gold.
Adana has excellent connections with other urban centres by rail or road. The Istanbul–Baghdad railway passes through it, and the Mediterranean port of Mersin is 50 km southwest. Gaziantep is 250 km east, Aleppo, Syria 250 km southeast, Konya 300 km northwest.
Adana is a bustling, crowded and very active modern city. There are some interesting historical monuments, all within a very small area. The main landmark is the 2nd century CE Roman stone bridge across the Seyhan River, 200 metres long and with 16 arches. The bridge is still in use, allowing even heavy traffic. To the east of the river is a ruined fortress built by Harun ar-Rashid in 782. The Great Mosque dating back to 1507 is built in a Syrian style with white and black marble. The Yag mosque used a former church when it was built in 1502.
Adana's Cukurova University was established in 1973.
Adana was formerly known as Seyhan.

History
Adana is linked to its position on the ancient Anatolian-Arabian trade routes. The oldest known settlement goes back to 1400 BCE, and was part of Hittite territory.
334: The area of future Adana is conquered by Alexander the Great.
63: The Romans found a city here, that would develop into modern Adana.
5th century: With the fall of the Roman Empire, Adana falls into decline.
End 7th century: Conquered by the Abbasids, the caliphate dynasty for the Muslim world.
8th century: Rebuilt by the command of Caliph Harun ar-Rashid.
1378: The Ramazan Turkmen dynasty takes control over Adana.
1516: Conquered by the Ottomans, and incorporated into the empire, but the Ramazan rulers stay in power.
1608: The Ramazans are deposed, and direct rule from Constantinople introduced.
1832: Conquered by Egypt.
1840: Abandoned by Egypt, and restored to the Ottoman Empire.




By Tore Kjeilen