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Amol, Iran

17th-century masonry bridge with 12 arches. Amol, Iran.

Amol, Iran

Modern bridge of Amol.

Amol, Iran

One of the old tombs of Amol that date to between 15th and 17th centuries.

City in northern Iran with 190,000 inhabitants (2005 estimate), lying on the Harhaz River, which has its outlet in the Caspian Sea. Amol lies in the Mazandaran Province.
Amol is especially known for its production of ceramics. There are also food-processing factories, especially for rice, lumber mills, workshops for wooden furniture, along with other wooden items and brickworks. The main product of the Amol region is rice, but oranges are also common. Not far from the city there are deposits of coal and iron.
Amol lies in an area subject to both earthquakes and floods.
Amol is connected by road to Teheran, Rasht and Babol.
Modern Amol occupies an area east of the large ruins of the old city. The most important landmark is the mausoleum of Buzurjmihr. Other sights include two 17th-century masonry bridges, one with 12 arches, as well as several tombs from between the 15th and 18th centuries.

4th or 5th century: A Nestorian Christian episcopate is formed in Amol and the neighbouring district of Gilan.
14th century: Sacked by the army of Timur Lenk.

By Tore Kjeilen