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612-609 BCE


Mesopotamia / Kings /
Assyria / Neo period / Kings /
Ashur-uballit 2


Last ruler of Assyria 612-609 BCE, 3 years.
His reign was one of only fighting the Medes and the Babylonians. The kingdom he controlled for a short period of time was drastically smaller than the former empire, counting only the region around Harran.
It is suggested that he was the brother of last king, Sin-shar-ishkun. The fact that the Egyptian king aided him suggests that he was of immediate royal family.

Biography
612: All of central Assyria is razed by Babylonian, Medes and Schytian forces, Harran escapes with the aid of Egyptian troops. Ashur-uballit 2, who possibly was the commander of the army stationed near Harran declares himself Assyrian king, as the last king, Sin-shar-ishkun, had lost his throne and power.
610: The Egyptian troops are called back to Egypt, the Babylonians and Medes launches a campaign into Harran, driving Ashur-uballit out.
609: With the assistance of an army under Egyptian king Neko 2, Ashur-uballit first has to fight Judah, in a battle at Megiddo where king Josiah is killed. Finally at Harran, the forces are unable to take it back from the Medes and the Babylonians. It is not clear what happens with Ashur-uballit, but with this defeat the Assyrian empire comes to its final end.





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By Tore Kjeilen