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Islam
INTRODUCTION
1. Orientations
a. Figures
2. Koran
3. Theology
4. Concept of divine
5. Sharia
6. Muhammad
7. Cult and Festivals
8. Mecca
9. Cultic personalities
10. Caliph
11. Structures
12. Popular religion
13. Others
14. Calendar



























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Islam / Muhammad /
Battle of Badr
Arabic: badr


In Islam, central battle fought by Muhammad in his fight against the Qurayshis of Mecca. The battle was fought on March 17, 624, at Badr, 125 km south of Yathrib (now Madina).
The great importance of this battle is linked to it being the first real battle over the control of Mecca, thereby also Arabia. Also, as the battle left Muhammad as the victor, promoted the Muslims as a credible political power. The latter was very important, after the humiliation of the Hijra 2 years before.
Muhammad's men had intended to attack a caravan led by Abu Sufyan, but he learned about the danger and called for help from Mecca. The Muslim force counted only 305 men, the Meccans were about 1,000. But, according to the legend, Muhammad and his men got aid from angels led by Gabriel.
In the battle Muhammad employed a military strategy which was revolutionary in Arabia at this time. When Arabs fought, they had done so unorganized. Muhammad changed that, making his men form ranks. The result was victory for the party of Muhammad.
The Muslims lost 14 men, the Meccans 50 and had another 50 captured. Two of the captured were executed as a retaliation of their strong opposition to Islam. Among the the captured Meccans were Abbas.
A rather unique episode happened upon the burying of the dead, when Muhammad spoke to the fallen infidels. He explained this to his fellow Muslims that the recently dead can still hear.




By Tore Kjeilen