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Masud Barzani
Arabic: mas¢ūd 'al-barzāniyy



Masud Barzani.
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Masud Barzani.

(1947- ) Iraqi Kurdish leader.
Masud Barzani continued his father's work for the creation of an independent Kurdish state in the Kurdish dominated areas of principally their homeland, Iraq. At the time of writing Contents, he is the real leader of a large Kurdish area with Irbil as the main city, but it has not yet been defined as a state.
He is in an alliance with Saddam Hussein's regime in Baghdad, yet he does have agreements with his main Kurdish enemy, Jalal Talabani of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK).

Biography
1947: Born in the Kurdish Republic of Mahabad as son of its leader, Mustafa Barzani.
— The family moves to Moscow, Soviet Union, since Iranian troops moves into the republic and ends it.
1958: Together with his family, Masud moves back to Iraq by invitation of the new republican government of the country.
Early 1970's: Together with his brother Idris, Masud starts working with his father in political and military issues of the Kurds.
1976: After his father has to seek exile in USA, Masud becomes leader of Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP), together with Idris.
1979: Masud and Idris moves to Iran following the Islamic revolution, where they and their cause receives the support of the new regime.
1980: With the outbreak of the Iran-Iraq War, KDP increases its control over Kurdish areas on the Iraqi side of the Iraq-Iran border.
1986: The authorities of Iran try to organize all anti-Saddam forces in Iraq, but Masud feels uneasy with their conservative Islamic orientation.
1987: Idris dies, and Masud becomes the sole leader of the KDP.
1988: With the end of the Iran-Iraq War, Saddam starts a heavy campaign to regain control over the Kurdish regions.
1991: Following the defeat of Iraq in the Second Gulf War, Masud leads a rebellion against the regime in Baghdad, leading to hardship for Kurds, and intervention by the anti-Iraq Western coalition.
1992 May: Elections in the Kurdish areas, under the protection of Western countries. Barzani became leader together with Jalal Talabani of PUK.
1994 May: The coalition breaks down, and KDP troops wage partisan war with PUK.
1996 August 22: As Masud feared that PUK was about to sign an accord with Iran, he enters into an alliance with the regime in Baghdad.
August 31: Iraqi troops move into Irbil, and then leave in the hands of Masud.
September 9: Masud's army takes control over Sulaymaniyah, a stronghold of PUK.
October 23: A cease-fire agreement is signed by PUK and KDP.
1997 May: Masud allies himself with Turkey, as they move into northern Iraq in the hunt of guerrillas of the Kurdish Workers' Party (PKK).
October 12: The cease-fire with PUK breaks down.
1998: PUK and KDP enters an US-brokered agreement where a federal Kurdish state is defined for the time following the end of Saddam Huseein's regime of Iraq.




By Tore Kjeilen