Bookmark and Share



























Open the online Arabic language course






Mesopotamia / Cities /
Borsippa



Borsippa

Remains of Borsippa's ziggurat.
ZOOM - Open a large version of this image

Remains of Borsippa's ziggurat.

Rubble with inscriptions in veneration of the town god, Nabu.
ZOOM - Open a large version of this image

Rubble with inscriptions in veneration of the town god, Nabu.

Ancient Babylonian/Sumerian city, located to the east bank of Euphrates river, about 18 km southwest of Babylon. Borsippa never exercised independence, and was through most of history dependent of Babylon.
Borsippa grew to become a rich and beautiful city in the 6th century BCE, and its ziggurat is by some suggested to have been the very Tower of Babel, although Babylon is the more likely candidate.
The city god was Nabu, the god of human destiny, making the local cult here popular around all of Babylonia.

History
3rd millennium BCE: Borsippa's history can be traced back to Sumerian times, being a city of importance.
678: Assyrian king, Esarhaddon, drives a Chaldean tribe away from Borsippa, and Babylon.
6th century BCE: During the era of Nebuchadnezzar 2, Borsippa reaches its greatest wealth. A ziggurat is built here on his command.
484: The temple of Nabu is destroyed during a revolt against the Achaemenid Persians.





Confused? Try to find a good place to start learning about Mesopotamia in
Where to begin?Detailed article






By Tore Kjeilen