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Cherry
Turkish: kıraz
Arabic: karz
Persian: gīlās
Hebrew: duvedevan



Cherry
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Cherries ready to be picked.

Name used both for trees belonging to the species of Prunus, and the fruit of these trees. The word "cherry" comes from the ancient name of Giresun in Turkey; Cerasus.
Large parts of the native land of the cherry belong to the Middle East and North Africa region. More specifically, from the Caspian Sea to the Balkans in Europe. Its spread from the original homelands happened in times from when we have no records.
Cherries are divided into two groups, sweet and sour. The cherry tree requires cold, but not severe, winters in order to blossom. Summers should not be too hot. Blooming takes place early in the spring. Flowers are often white, generally growing in clusters.
Sweet cherry trees may become as high as 15 metres, growing in an upright shape with drooping leaves. The fruit is heart-shaped, usually 2 cm in diametre. Colours are diverse, from yellow through red to almost black.
Sour cherry trees rarely reach higher than 5 metres, with erect, smooth and shining leaves. The fruit is often slightly more oblate than the sweet. Colours vary less, usually being dark red. While the fruit is juicier, and its taste is quite acid, making it less popular as an eating fruit.
The cherry trees serve also the purpose of being very decorative in gardens and parks, also the wood is much appreciated. From the dark red, close-grained and strong wood, items ranging from furniture to musical instruments are made.

History
1st century BCE: Reports of the cherry tree in Cerasus in Pontus, suggesting that it is a native and unique tree to the region.




By Tore Kjeilen