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1. Geography
2. Political situation
3. Economy
a. Figures
4. Health
5. Education
a. Universities
6. Demographics
7. Religions
a. Freedom
8. Peoples
9. Languages
10. Human rights
11. History
12. Cities and Towns
13. Meaning of the name

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Cities and Towns

The figures given by LookLex are estimates, and heavily rounded off. Accurate population figures presented by many other sources are deceptive and suggest a level of accuracy that does not exist. With few exceptions, urban population figures are no more than advanced guesswork.
Different countries count urban population according to varying methods. In many cases there are no official figures, there may never have been a proper census. There exists no consensus about how to define a border between neighbouring cities, nor to define city borders to a surrounding rural region. City populations are in some cases the population of a municipality, but municipalities can be smaller than the city proper, or they may include vast rural areas.
LookLex definition of a city or town requires continued settlement, and defines the border between neighbouring cities to be the administrative border, a river or a major highway. Our primary source for population data is City Population, but LookLex assess each figure, and in 5 to 10% of the cases we make a different estimate.

Cairo 8,500,000
Alexandria 4,000,000
Giza 2,700,000
Shubra al-Khayma 1,000,000
Port Said 650,000
Suez 550,000
Mahalla al-Kubra 500,000
Tanta 450,000
Luxor 440,000
Mansura 440,000
Assyut 400,000
Helwan 400,000
Zagazig 340,000
Ismailia 320,000
Fayoum 310,000
Aswan 280,000
Damanhur 260,000
Minya 250,000
Qena 250,000
Sohag 210,000
Beni Suef 200,000
Shibin al-Kawm 190,000
Banha 170,000
Hurghada 160,000
Maadi more than 150,000
Kafr ash-Shaykh 150,000
Al-Arish 140,000
Akhmim 120,000
Damietta 96,000
Rosetta 80,000
Marsa Matruh 70,000
Sharm el-Sheikh 20,000

All figures are 2005 estimates.

By Tore Kjeilen