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Egyptian-Israeli Peace Treaty
Also called: Camp David Agreement; Israeli-Egypt Peace Treaty; Egypt-Israel Peacy Treaty; Israel-Egypt Peace Treaty



Camp David 1978.
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Camp David 1978. From left: Egyptian President Anwar as-Sadat; US President Jimmy Carter; and Israeli Prime Minister Menachim Begin.

Peace treaty between Egypt and Israel signed 1979.
The peace treaty involved a mutual recognition of each state, ended the state of war, made Israel agree to withdraw from Egyptian territory (Sinai and the Suez Canal) and secure passage of Israeli ships through the seas controlled by Egypt including the Suez Canal.
With this treaty, Egypt became the first Arab country to recognize Israel. Their signing met with strong condemnation from other Arab countries.
Also, central in the treaty was the establishment of a Palestinian state and no more building of settlements on the occupied territories, but this was never fulfilled from Israeli side.
USA was central in securing the treaty, linking both countries' willingness to fulfill the agreement to future financial aid.

History
1948 May: With the First Palestinian War, Egypt and Israel enters a state of war.
1949 January 12-February 24: Talks between Israel and Egypt, only resulting in smaller adjustments after the war and the signing of an armistice agreement.
1977 November 19: Anwar Sadat makes a surprise visit to Israel, meeting with Israeli Prime Minister, Menachim Begin, and addressing the Israeli parliament, the Knesset.
1978 September: Camp David Accords are held, in which many, but not all, issues of the peace between Israel and Egypt are dealt with.
1979 March 26: The peace treaty is signed in Washington, DC, USA.
— Egypt is expelled from the Arab League, and the headquarters are relocated to Tunis, Tunisia. Egypt was pardoned first in 1989.
1980: Ambassadors are appointed between the two countries, and Israel has withdrawn from 2/3 of Sinai.
1982 April: Israel completes its withdrawal from Sinai.




By Tore Kjeilen