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Judaism / Talmud /
Gemara



A children's edition of the Gemara.

A children's edition of the Gemara.

In Judaism, the part of the Talmud that contains discussions, explanations and amplifications of the content of the Mishnah.
The Gemara is not strict in its approach to the Mishnah, and it employs other types of material and sources too. Because of this richness, the Gemara has become a source for Jewish history and legends.
The word Gemara comes from Aramaic, and can be translated as "learning" or "completion."
There are two versions of the Gemara, the Babylonian called Bavli, written in East Aramaic. The other version is the Palestinian called Yerushalmi, written in West Aramaic. The Babylonian Gemara is the most extensive and detailed, and has become the authoritative version among the Jews.

History
3rd century CE: The development of the Gemara for the Palestinian Talmud begins in the city of Tiberias.
Late 4th century: Ashi of Babylon begins work on a Gemara for the Babylonian Talmud. This work would not be finished before the middle of the 5th century.




By Tore Kjeilen