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Arabic: 'al-hasaka
Other spellings: Hassaka; Hasaka; Hasakeh

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Hassake, Syria.
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Hassake, Syria.
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City in northeastern Syria with 160,000 inhabitants (2005 estimate), on the confluence of the Khabur River and the Jaghjagha River, tributaries of the Euphrates River.
The economy of Hassake is mainly linked to agriculture and oil production. The region around Hassake has an extensive irrigated-farming region, being Syria's main wheat- and rice-producing region. Cotton has become more and more important with improved irrigation in recent decades. The oil extracted in the northeast is piped to Homs for refining and then to the Mediterranean port of Tartus for export.
Hassake has excellent road and rail connections with other urban centres. Qamishli is 80 km north and Deir ez-Zawr 120 km south.
There are practically no surviving buildings or structures from Hassake's history.

Hassake's history goes back about 1000 years in time.
1932: Assyrian refugees from Iraq are installed in Hassake by French authorities, giving the small town a boost (see Assyrian Genocide.
1950's: Petroleum is discovered in an area northeast of the city. The fields are soon prepared and production begins.
1973: With the completion of the Tabaqah Dam, electricity is provided for the smaller settlements in the region, and more power is allowed for the industry.

By Tore Kjeilen