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Holy Spirit
Also called: Paraclete or Holy Ghost 


In Christianity, the spirit which together with God, the Father, and Jesus, the son, forms the Trinity.
In John 14:26, Jesus calls the Holy Spirit "the Counselor . . . whom the Father will send in my name".
The definition of what the Holy Spirit is, and from where it comes, has caused theological challenges and controversies. One major question was dealt with at the Council of Constantinople in 381, when it was stated that the Holy Spirit was a distinct divine Person equal in substance to the Father and the Son and not subordinate to them. All churches came to agree that the Holy Spirit was the bond that in completely united Father and Son. In the 9th century Creed of Constantinople the Holy Spirit was defined to proceed from the Father and the Son, a view adopted by Western churches. Eastern churches rejected this, claiming that it proceeds from the Father to the Son.
The Holy Spirit is by Christians understood as a sanctifying power that leads and guides the church and its members.
The Holy Spirit emanates frequently in the New Testament, as a dove; as a whirlwind; as tongues of fire. The Holy Spirit can provide numerous qualities: healing; prophecy; expelling of demons; and speaking in tongues. But most of all, the Holy Spirit is said to have impregnated Mary with Jesus.




By Tore Kjeilen