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2. Political situation
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a. Figures
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Open map of IraqFlag of IraqIraq /

Disputed territory
Autonomous Kurdish region: 36,300 km².
Part of neutral zone shared with Saudi Arabia: 920 km².

Original territory
Water surface: 4,900 km².
Population density: 57 inhabitants per kmē.
Border: 3,650 km. Iran 1,460 km; Turkey 352 km; Syria 605 km; Jordan 181 km; Saudi Arabia 814 km; and Kuwait 240 km.
Coastline: 58 km
Highest point: Haji Ibrahim 3,600 m
Arable land: 12%
Iraq has a subtropical climate, with a tendency in direction of continental climate in the north.
Iraq is very dependent on water from Tigris and Euphrates, as there is little rain falling here. Annual rainfall in inhabited areas varies between 150 mm (south) and 700 mm (north). Baghdad has middle temperatures varying between 10ºC and 34ºC. Winters can be very cold up in the mountains in the north, which take up less than 5% of all of Iraq territory. The area of the two rivers, where most people now live, is swampy, but irrigation is extensively used to help agriculture, which once was the foundation of the very first civilizations in history of man: Mesopotamia.
The west and south is desert, taking up 35% of total area, and is mostly stone desert.


  • Tigris
    1,418 km. It begins in Turkey, passes briefly Syria and finally ends in Iraq, a total of 1,850 km.
  • Euphrates
    1,060 km. It begins in Turkey, continues into Syria and finally Iraq, a total of 2,735 km.
  • Shatt al-Arab
    170 km. It represents the confluence of Tigris and Euphrates. It also forms the last section of the southeastern border to Iraq.


  • Persian Gulf

  • By Tore Kjeilen