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1. Geography
2. Political situation
3 Economy
a. Figures
4. Health
5. Education
a. Universities
6. Demographics
7. Religions
a. Freedom
8. Peoples
9. Languages
10. History
11. Cities and Towns

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Index / Peoples
Open map of IsraelFlag of IsraelIsrael /

Ethnic groups
Figures in 1000.
5,700 77.0%
2,400 32.0%
300 4.0%
120 1.6%
120 1.6%
110 1.5%
70 1.0%
1,800 24.0%
720 10.0%
400 5.4%
140 1.9%
80 1.1%
80 1.1%
Non-Jewish Jews
100 1.4%
1,500 20.0%
1,200 16.0%
170 2.3%
120 1.6%
5 0.1%
3 <0.1%
200 2.7%

Ethiopian Jews

Ethiopian Jews.

The Jewish population of Israel must not be considered an ethnic group, it is a group of peoples from many countries with a common religious identity. Ethnically, Jews share many common similarities with the non-Jewish populations of the countries in which they lived prior to immigration to Israel: this due to centuries of conversions and intermarriage with local populations.
Hence, the Jewish population of Israel cross several ethnic characteristics, ranging from white skin and blonde hair to dark complexion and afro hair.
The three major categories of are Mizrahim, those of Arabic lands, ranging from Morocco in the west to Yemen in the southeastern, and Iran and Tajikistan in the northeast: Ashkenazim those of European origin, mainly Eastern European as well as the Americas: and Sephardim, those of Spain and Portugal. Each of these have sub-categories, but it is mainly groups of Mizrahim that come explicitly mentioned.
A small part of the Jews are Palestinian, meaning that they have background in the region well predating the establishment of the state of Israel.
The Italian Jews is considered one of the oldest Jewish communities.
There is one group which causes confusion in classification, the about 100,000 of Jewish background who are not registered as Jews.
There are a few Chinese Jews now living in Israel, mainly Kaifeng Jews, but their numbers are very small, apparently less than 100.
Statistics over Jewish groups in Israel is suprisingly inaccurate, considering the high levels of statistical data available for practically every aspect of society. Should all single figures be added up, the total number of Jews would come close to 7 million, while it is no doubt that the total number of Jews count to no more than 5.6 million plus the non-Jewish Jews.
The Arabian population is ethnically Canaanites who have adopted Arabic language, and a pan-Arabic cultural identity. In terms of identity and culture, there are distinct differences between them and the Bedouins as well as the Druze, who are mainly defined by adherence to their unique religion.

By Tore Kjeilen