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1. Geography
2. Political situation
a. Rulers
3. Defense
4. Economy
a. Figures
5. Health
6. Education
a. Universities
7. Media
8. Demographics
9. Religions
a. Freedom
10. Peoples
11. Languages
12. Human rights
13. History
14. Cities and Towns

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Kuwait's national flag

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Major cities
Kuwait 2,100,000
Qalib ash-Shuyukh 110,000

Modern states /
State of Kuwait
Arabic: dawlatu l-kuwaytPlay sound

Independent monarchy in Asia with 2.69 million inhabitants (2009 estimate) and an area of 17,820 km. The capital is Kuwait, also the centre of the wider urban area where practically all Kuwaitis live.
Administratively is Kuwait divided into 5 governorates, called muhafaza.
Day of independence is June 19, 1961, when governance was peacefully transferred from the British to the long-time ruler of Kuwait. The National holiday is, however, not this day, but February 25, 1950.
Head of state is Emir Sabah 3. Prime minister is Nasser Muhammad Al-Ahmad As-Sabah. There are 14 ministries, and 7 ministers come from the Sabah clan.
Kuwait's National Assembly is called Majlis al-Umma, and has 50 seats, but exercises limited power over national politics.

Detailed articlePolitical situation

Detailed articlePolitical situation

Average day temperature is 33C, but can drop as low as -3 in January. 52C is maximum temperature. Annual rainfall is between 25 mm and 175 mm, most of this falling during the months between October and March. Winter also comes with fierce dust storms, called kaus.

Kuwait is on the Human Development Index ranked the best Arab country, no. 2 in the MENA, and 31 in the world. On a scale with 1.000 as maximum, Kuwait gains 0.916 points.
The currency of Kuwait is the dinar (KWD). It is a stable currency, and largely easily convertible into foreign currencies.
Kuwait has a strong economy from years of large oil revenues. The GDP per capita is at US$57,500 (2008 estimate), which is 450% above world average, and second highest among the MENA countries. Unemployment is very low at 2.2% and according to all indicators there are no inhabitants living below the poverty line.
Detailed articleEconomy

Information about the health situation in Kuwait is confusing. No other MENA country has more obesity, Kuwait spends comparatively little on health care, yet life expectancy is among the highest.
Detailed articleHealth

Although the United Nations rank Kuwait's education system quite unfavourably, Kuwait performs well on many factors, both with high literacy and good universities.
Detailed articleEducation

Native Kuwaitis have Arab and Bedouin ancestry. Kuwait is the Arab country that denies a certain segment of its native population citizenship.
Detailed articlePeoples

Arabic is the daily language of Kuwait, English is also widely practiced. Some immigrant groups form small communities in which their original tongue is used.
Detailed articleLanguages

Islam dominates in Kuwait, a majority of the Muslims are Sunni, but every third inhabitant is Shi'i. Immigrants usually belong to Islam or Christianity.
Detailed articleReligions

Good politics have secured that nationals today represent the majority of the population. Fertility rates have gone down in recent years, but population growth remains very high.
Detailed articleDemographics

Kuwait never was in the centre of world history until the 20th century, when the country emerged briefly as the richest country in the world, later it was in the headlines with the Gulf War.
Detailed articleHistory

By Tore Kjeilen