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Ancient Egypt /
Religion
1. Introduction
2. Gods
3. Concepts
4. Cult
5. Cult centres
6. Necropolises
7. Structures

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Nubia / Religion / Gods /
Open map of Ancient EgyptAncient Egypt / Religion / Gods /
Mandulis



Mandulis represented in his temple at Kalabsha, Egypt. Here standing in front of a king (right), possibly Roman emperor, Augustus.
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Mandulis represented in his temple at Kalabsha, Egypt.

Sun god of Nubian origins, mainly remembered from his inclusion into Ancient Egyptian religion. Mandulis was to a large degree a god formed on the pattern of Horus. His original Nubian name was Marul.
His importance is mainly linked with Roman times, when he was promoted as a high god, challenging the more ancient gods of Amon, Re and Osiris. His fame would last as long as the Romans kept Nubia under their control, from about late 1st century BCE until late 3rd century.
Promoting his importance, Mandulis was often linked with Isis, then at some cost of Osiris who had his tomb and a cult centre in the region, but which came to be more and more abandoned. Still, Mandulis temple was also dedicated to Osiris.
He had his main cult located to his temple at Kalabsha, and within its structurers, a House of Mandulis and Isis was found. Also, built into the colonnade of the Temple of Isis at Philae, there was also a chapel of Mandulis.
Mandulis is represented in a human form, with two ram's horns and with upright ostrich feathers. He is, furthermore, noted for being presented as either a youngster, or as an older man.





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By Tore Kjeilen