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Ancient Egypt /
Religion
1. Introduction
2. Gods
3. Concepts
4. Cult
5. Cult centres
6. Necropolises
7. Structures

Detailed articleAncient Egypt



























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Open map of Ancient EgyptAncient Egypt / Religion / Structures / Pyramids / Giza
Menkaure, Pyramid of



Pyramid of Menkaure, Giza, Egypt
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Pyramid of Menkaure, Giza, Egypt
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Menkaure's mortuary temple.

Pyramid of Menkaure

Pyramid of Menkaure, Giza, Egypt
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The lower section, built from red granite.

Pyramid of Menkaure

The burial chamber.

In Ancient Egypt, a pyramid at Giza, Egypt, built by the command of King Menkaure as his tomb, in the 26th century BCE. It is the third, and smallest, of the king pyramids at Giza.
Its measures are 65 metres height, and 102 by 104.4 metres along its base. The angle of its sides are 51º20', the lowest of the Giza pyramids. In volume it is about 9% of Khufu's pyramid.
Menkaure's pyramid is one of the finest built pyramids ever. It's lower section is made from 16 courses of red granite, quarried at far distance up the Nile. Khufu and Khafre had used local limestone.
There are several possible reasons why Menkaure built a pyramid significantly smaller than his father's and grandfather's, but two explanations dominate. The first is that the cost of the two first grand pyramids was so hard to the society that it was impossible to rally support from the Egyptian elite for a new, similar project. A second explanation is that there was a change in religious focus, in which the pyramid no longer was the main, sole element to the king's funerary complex. Hence, in Menkaure's case, the temple structures were far more sophisticated than with the older pyramids.
The complex was not completed in Menkaure's life. Hastily it was finished by his successor, Shepseskaf, then mainly using mudbrick.
Egyptian sultan, Othman, tried in the 12th century to demolish the pyramids at Giza. Beginning with Menkaure's, after 8 months only acheiving to make an incision to the northern side, he gave up.





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By Tore Kjeilen