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1. Geography
2. Political situation
3. Economy
a. Figures
4. Health
5. Education
a. Universities
6. Demographics
7. Religions
a. Freedom
8. Peoples
9. Languages
10. History
11. Cities and Towns

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Index / Peoples
Open map of OmanFlag of OmanOman /

Ethnic groups
Figures in 1000.
2,250 66.0%
420 12.0%
100 2.9%
50 1.5%
40 1.1%
10 0.3%
10 0.3%
2 0.1%
2 0.1%
530 16.0%

These are rough estimates only.

There are no good figures for ethnic groups in Oman, the numbers given here are rough estimates, calculated from a limited number of sources. Many Arabic-speakers have non-Arab origins, and of the small people groups that still exist in Oman, many speak Arabic, sometimes only a minority uphold the original languages. These groups, which have survived to Arab absorption and cultural imperialism, are found along the rugged coast, and in valleys in the mountains.
Some sources suggest that Arabs count more than half of the population, but their numbers seem larger.
Among the groups indiciated highly different between sources are Persians and Balochi; apparently both are firmly represented in Oman, but their figures seem to overlap. Estimates on the Balochi population varies greatly, from 40,000 up to more than 400,000. Judging the sources, the higher numbers appear most correct.
Immigrant groups to Oman, which counts more than 500,000, are largely Indian, Pakistani (of which Balochi is also represented), Sri Lankan, Bangladeshi as well as several African peoples. The number of European and American immigrants is limited in Oman.

By Tore Kjeilen