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Oslo 2 Agreement


Agreement between representatives for the Palestinian people, and the state of Israel, signed September 24, 1995, in Washington, USA, by the chairman of PLO, Yassir Arafat, the Israeli prime minister, Yitzhak Rabin, and the president of USA, Bill Clinton.
This agreement was a follow up of the Oslo Agreement from two years earlier, the first peace agreement between Israel and Palestine, and served as a continuation of the fragile peace process of the Middle East. While the Oslo Agreement had been defined without any acting, or even much knowledge, from the American side, the Oslo 2 Agreement was mainly the result of American and Egyptian. There was little Norwegian mediation in this process.
The actual content of the Oslo 2, concerned the West Bank, and covered security issues, Palestinian elections, transfer of land, transfer of civil power from Israel to Palestine, trade conditions between the two countries and release of Palestinian prisoners from Israeli prisons.
The Palestinian National Council, or Palestinian Council which is the term used in this agreement, would consist of 82 members. Elections would be staged 22 days after Israeli withdrawal from a selected number of areas.
The issue of control over land was dealt with dividing the West Bank into three zones, called A, B, and C. In zone A, there would be complete Palestinian control, and this included the towns of Jenin, Nablus, Tulkarim, Kalkilya, Ramallah and Bethlehem.
In zone B there would be Palestinian control of civil matters, while Israel retained control over security issues. Zone B included 450 Palestinian towns and villages.
In zone C, Israel would have control, but there would be a gradual transfer based on 6 month intervals. Zone C included uninhabited areas, Jewish settlements and military installations. The future status of the settlements and military installations was not dealt with in the Oslo 2 Agreement.
Religious Jewish sites were dealt with particularly, with Israel retaining full control but securing access to all sites for all people.
The city of Hebron was divided into three zones, after the system of A, B and C zones. This was because there was a Jewish community living in town, as well as important religious sites.
It was a precondition in the agreement that PLO would wipe out all traces from its charter of the original call for total destruction of the state of Israel.
The reactions to the agreement were divided, and some groups on both Israeli and Palestinian side reacted negatively, as did a couple Arab governments. On Israeli side, the negative reactions from Likud were of special importance, due to the coming elections in 1996 (where they won, and took office). But in general, the agreement was considered positively as a continuation of the process started two years earlier in Scandinavia.
It was agreed that the third stage of the peace negotiations should start no later than May 1996, but this was never implemented.




By Tore Kjeilen