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Palestine
INTRODUCTION
1. Geography
2. Political situation
3. Economy
a. Figures
4. Health
5. Education
a. Universities
6. Demographics
7. Religions
a. Freedom
8. Peoples
9. Languages
10. History
11. Cities and Towns



























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Index / Demographics
Open map of PalestineFlag of PalestinePalestine /
Demographics



Key figures
Population:
4.0 million
Population density:
645 per square kilometre.
Median age:
19 years
Population growth
2.6%
Fertility
3.9 children/woman.
MENA rank: 8 of 22.
West Bank 3.2, Gaza Strip 5.0.

DemographicsDetailed article
With comparison tables for all countries in the Middle East and North Africa.

Due to conflicting data, gigantic waves of migrations and shifting borders, the population growth through the 20th century cannot be set for the territory now called Palestine. This is further explained in the Israel article, but for Israel and Palestine combined, the population doubled 17 times from 1900 to 2000, this excluding refugees that make a claim to return to their original homelands.
The population density of Palestine is staggering, far beyond what the land and water resources can sustain. Yet, the population growth is not as dramatic as one might suspect, it is presently at 2.6% per year. The fact is that mothers in Palestine have less children than their Israeli sisters; 3.9 children per mother in Palestine (2009 estimate), 4.4 children per Israeli Arab mother. But the median age is 19 years only, meaning that a great percentage of the population is in child bearing age or about to enter it. Births to deaths ratio is therefore staggering, almost 10 births per 1 death case. There is presently no data for migrations to and from Palestine.
The population growth is higher in Gaza Strip than in West Bank. The explanation for this is political and religious extremism, groups like Hamas promotes a message to the population that large contingencies of children will make up an future Palestinian army that will take back the land that today is Israel.
Population projections are dramatic, indicating that the Palestinian population will reach 10 million by 2050, several times more than what the 6,700 km² territory can sustain.
More information of demography is found in other Palestine articles about ethnic composition, first languages spoken and religious adherence. There is also information relevant to demographics under education and health.

Year Total Density
(per km²)
Change Gaza Strip West Bank
1910 22,000
1940 475,000 76 14% 65,000 86% 410,000
1950 1,000,000 160 110% 24% 240,000 76% 765,000
1960 1,100,000 177 10% 27% 302,000 73% 799,000
1970 1,150,000 185 5% 32% 368,000 68% 677,000
1980 1,460,000 235 27% 34% 497,000 66% 964,000
1990 1,680,000 270 15% 37% 620,000 63% 1,060,000
2000 3,150,000 507 88% 36% 1,140,000 64% 2,010,000
2009 4,010,000 645 27% 39% 1,550,000 61% 2,460,000





By Tore Kjeilen