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1. Geography
2. Political situation
3. Economy
a. Figures
4. Health
5. Education
a. Universities
6. Demographics
7. Religions
a. Freedom
8. Peoples
9. Languages
10. History
11. Cities and Towns

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Index / Political situation /
Open map of PalestineFlag of PalestinePalestine /
Political situation

Yassir Arafat 1996-2004
Mahmoud Abbas 2005-
Prime Ministers
Mahmoud Abbas 2003-2003
Ahmed Qurei 2003-2006
Ismail Haniya 2006-
Salam Fayyad 2007-

Palestine has had a short and fairly unstable history, and there have been numerous breaks on human rights. Palestine is based upon a constitutional democracy, but has a strong and dominating leader in Yassir Arafat. Divisions in Palestine is often based upon different views on the peace process.
Palestine has defined itself as an independent country since 1988, and its territory is the West Bank and Gaza strip. Palestine is recognized by more than 100 countries around the world.
At the present the rule of the Palestinian territory is not clearly defined by agreements that are not always respected from the Israeli side, and which have not yet solved some of the most central questions: Jewish settlers living on the West Bank and Israeli control over East Jerusalem.
There has been relative freedom for Palestine under the Israeli supremacy.
The political structures of Palestine are in a process of developing, but as the status of Palestine is far from clear, and will be decided over the following years, the political culture of Palestine will be strongly influenced by this. Over recent years, many structures have deteriorated in quality. Democracy is in some fields limited, and civil rights for ordinary citizens are often violated.
Yet, the relationship between the different Palestinian groups are better than some years ago, and even groups like Hamas, strongly against the agreements with Israel, see the Palestinian authority as a possible partner.
Israel's control over the Palestinian areas, is divided into three sectors (according to agreement of 1995). One sector remains under total Israeli control, a second under strong Palestinian control, and a third sector has joint control.

By Tore Kjeilen