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Open map of SyriaFlag of SyriaSyria / Cities and Towns /
Arabic: 'al-qāmish
Other spellings: Al-Qamishli, Qamishle, Qamishliye

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Qamishli, Syria.
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Qamishli, Syria.
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City in northeastern Syria with 200,000 inhabitants (2005 estimate), on the Jaghjagha River, a tributary to the Khabur river, next to the Turkish border, facing the Turkish town of Nusaybin.
The region of Qamishli has a rich agriculture, specializing in cotton and wheat. Water comes both from rain and from irrigation. In recent decades, the discovery and exploitation of oil in the Qarah Shuk region 80 km east has given the city a new boom.
The railway continues to be the lifeline of Qamishli, even if more and more of traffic has moved to the good road connections. Hassake is 80 km south, Deir ez-Zawr 200 km south, Raqqa 270 km southwest. There is also a domestic airport with connections with Aleppo and Damascus.
Qamishli is seat an Armenian Catholic, as well as a Syrian Catholic archbishopric.
Qamishli has one of the most mixed populations in Syria, with large groups of Armenians, Assyrian Christians and Kurds, in addition to Sunni Muslims, Syriac-speaking Christians and a small community of Jews.

1926: Founded as a railway station on the Taurus railway. Being right on the border with Turkey, it grew quickly with the arrival of Armenian, Christian and Kurdish refugees.
2004 March 12: Kurdish riots in Qimishli and Hassake, resulting in many dead. The riot is suppressed a few days later.

By Tore Kjeilen