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Islam
INTRODUCTION
1. Orientations
a. Figures
2. Koran
3. Theology
4. Concept of divine
5. Sharia
6. Muhammad
7. Cult and Festivals
8. Mecca
9. Cultic personalities
10. Caliph
11. Structures
12. Popular religion
13. Others
14. Calendar



























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Islam / Sharia / Madhhab /
Shafi'i
Arabic: mālikiyya



Sharia
Madhhab
Schools, or directions of Sharia.
Hanafi
Hanbali
Maliki
Shafi'i
All above are Sunni.
Jafari
Shi'i school.

Sources
Sunna
Hadith
Isnad
Sira

Fiqh
Methods of Sharia.
Qiyas
Ijma
Ijtihad
Ra'y
Bid'a

School of Shari'a, the law system of Sunni Islam, today used in eastern Africa, Bahrain, south of the Arabian peninsula and in Indonesia.
The Shafi'i school is based upon the theories of the Islamic theologian Abu Abdullah ash-Shafi'i (767- 820). He was from 804 until 810 a student of Malik, the founder of one of the other schools.
Shafi'is orientation can be defined as a middle road between the other schools of the time, with a balance between devine will and human speculation. He put the emphasis on the Hadith and Koran, not allowing the practice of later Muslims to be used as an example for law. In the cases where there was no clear directions given in the Koran or the Hadith, he allowed the use of analogy, qiyas, to develop law regulations, and in some cases even consensus of scholars, ijma'.





By Tore Kjeilen