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Ca. 627-612 BCE


Mesopotamia / Kings /
Assyria / Neo period / Kings /
Sin-shar-ishkun


Ruler of Assyria briefly in ca. 627-612 BCE, perhaps a full year, and controlling only a part of the empire.
He was son of Ashurbanipal, hence brother of the two previous kings. It appears that the circumstances under which he became king were conflicted. Both predecessors were apparently active with each their troops, in opposition to Sin-shar-ishkun.

Biography
627: Becomes king after his brother, Sin-shumu-lishir, but faces great unrest and rival troops. It would take the king about a year to establish some form of control.
626: His vassal, Cghaldean chieftain Nabopolassar rejects Assyrian supremacy. The war that would end the Assyrian empire within two decades begins.
624: Briefly takes back control over Uruk from the Babylonians.
623: Leads a campaign on Babylonia, but a revolt back home in Assyria breaks out. It seems that briefly a usurper took the throne in Nineveh.
Ca. 621: Nabopolassar conquers Nippur, thereby securing an important strategic stronghold for Babylonia.
Around 620: Manages to win back control over Nineveh.
616: Nabopolasser attacks the Assyrian heartland. In the following year, his soldiers and the soldiers of Medes and the Schythians sack Ashur, Calah and Nineveh.
612: This year has been defined as the end of the reign of Sin-shar-ishkun, but historical information is scant, and both dating and the faith of the king himself is uncertain. Ashur-uballit 2, possibly the brother of Sin-shar-ishkun becomes king of a tiny Assyrian kingdom with Harran as capital.





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By Tore Kjeilen