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1. Geography
2. Political situation
3. Defense
4. Economy
a. Figures
5. Health
6. Education
a. Universities
7. Demographics
8. Religions
a. Freedom
9. Peoples
10. Languages
11. Human rights
12. History
13. Cities and Towns

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Cities and Towns

The figures given by LookLex are estimates, and heavily rounded off. Accurate population figures presented by many other sources are deceptive and suggest a level of accuracy that does not exist. With few exceptions, urban population figures are no more than advanced guesswork.
Different countries count urban population according to varying methods. In many cases there are no official figures, there may never have been a proper census. There exists no consensus about how to define a border between neighbouring cities, nor to define city borders to a surrounding rural region. City populations are in some cases the population of a municipality, but municipalities can be smaller than the city proper, or they may include vast rural areas.
LookLex definition of a city or town requires continued settlement, and defines the border between neighbouring cities to be the administrative border, a river or a major highway. Our primary source for population data is City Population, but LookLex assess each figure, and in 5 to 10% of the cases we make a different estimate.

Khartoum 3,200,000
Omdurman 2,400,000
Nyala 530,000
Port Sudan 510,000
Kassala 470,000
Kusti 440,000
Al-Ubayyid 430,000
Wad Madani 370,000
Al-Qadarif 360,000
Al-Fashir 290,000
Juba 230,000
Ad-Duwaym 220,000
Al-Junaynah 190,000
Rabak 190,000
Malakal 160,000
Ad-Damazin 160,000
Al-Manaqil 150,000
Sannar 150,000
Ad-Damir 140,000
Waw 140,000
Atbara 120,000
An-Nuhud 100,000

All figures are 2009 estimates.

By Tore Kjeilen