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Islam
INTRODUCTION
1. Orientations
a. Figures
2. Koran
3. Theology
4. Concept of divine
5. Sharia
6. Muhammad
7. Cult and Festivals
8. Mecca
9. Cultic personalities
10. Caliph
11. Structures
12. Popular religion
13. Others
14. Calendar



























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Islam / Theology /
Taqlid
Arabic: taqlīd


In Islam, the acceptance of a religious principle, without questioning its validity. The term may be translated with "imitation" or "clothing with authority."
Taqlid has been defined as an absolute principle, involving full acceptance of the legal schools of Muslim Law, Sharia. With many conservative Muslims, taqlid may be used to denote their orientation, indicating a belief in the return to the principles of the first Muslims.
Taqlid has also been used in a derogatory sense, indicating mindless copying of regulations.
Taqlid represents the opposite concept of ijtihad, free independent judgment.
In Twelver Shi'ism, it is used as part of the term marja-e taqlid, "source of emulation", the group of the highest scholars who are in the position of guiding laymen.




By Tore Kjeilen