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Tel Aviv
Hebrew: tel aviv
Arabic: tal 'abib

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Tel Aviv

Tel Aviv, Israel.
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Photo: ThisParticularGreg.

Tel Aviv, Israel.
Tel Aviv, Israel.

Tel Aviv, Israel.
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Photo: anjci.

Tel Aviv, Israel.
Art Deco in Tel Aviv, Israel.

Tel Aviv, Israel.
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View from Jaffa. Photo: anjci.

City of Israel with about 400,000 inhabitants (2008 estimate), including Jaffa (Dec, 31, 1995 census) situated on the Mediterranean Sea. Tel Aviv is officially often referred to as Tel Aviv-Jaffa, or Tel Aviv-Yafo.
Tel Aviv is the centre of a metropolitan region counting other major cities: Petah Tiqwa (195,000) to the east; Holon (170,000) to the southeast; Bene Baraq (153,000) to the north; Ramat Gan (134,000) to the east; and Bat Yam (129,000) to the south, in addition to several smaller ones. The total counts 2.2 million, making Metropolitan Tel Aviv, the largest city in Israel, as well as in the Levant.
Tel Aviv serves a number of the capital functions together with the official capital of Israel, Jerusalem (not recognized by the international society, and not any neighbour country). F.x. is the Ministry of Defence located to Tel Aviv, and many embassies are situated here. In modern Israel, Tel Aviv is paired with the city Jaffa, that lies south and east of Tel Aviv. Both are administered by the same municipality, and are often referred to as one city, called Tel Aviv-Jaffa.
The economic base of Tel Aviv is industries and services, and Tel Aviv is the city in the country with highest living standards, and serves as the commercial, financial and industrial centre. Among the industries are food processing, textiles, clothing, chemicals, metal working, motor vehicles, electrical and electronic equipment. Tourism is another important activity in Tel Aviv, as the entire city is fronted by beaches.
Tel Aviv is the centre of many cultural activities, and is the headquarters for the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra. Tel Aviv has 2 universities; Tel Aviv University that was founded in 1953, and Bar-llan University founded in 1955. Many newspapers and magazine have their editorial offices in Tel Aviv.

1909: Tel Aviv is established in a desert region north of Jaffa. The name means "Hill of Spring".
1916: The population of Tel Aviv is evacuated by the Turks controlling the region.
1917: The people are resettled after the British have taken control over Palestine.
1921: Strong increase in population as the Jews of Jaffa flee to Tel Aviv, following riots in Jaffa.
1931: The population of Tel Aviv reach a level of 45,000.
1941: Population of Tel Aviv is 145,000.
1948: Tel Aviv becomes capital of Israel.
1949: Status as capital is transferred to newly conquered Jerusalem.
1950: Tel Aviv and Jaffa is made into one municipality.
1991: Tel Aviv is target for Iraqi Scud missiles during the Gulf War.
1990s: Tel Aviv is the target for bombs placed by Palestinian guerrilla, in public areas, like buses, shopping malls, cafes and restaurants.

By Tore Kjeilen