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Amir Chakhmaq Complex in Yazd, Iran.
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Amir Chakhmaq Complex in Yazd. Photo: Laura e Fulvio.

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Yazd, Iran.
The Jammeh mosque in Yazd, Iran.

Air towers of Yazd, Iran.
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Air towers of Yazd. Photo: Ninara

The Ateshkade, the Zoroastrian fire temple in Yazd, Iran.
Mausoleum of Sayed Roknaddin in Yazd, Iran.

View of Yazd, Iran from Amir Chaghmagh.
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View of Yazd from Amir Chaghmagh. Photo: Martijn Munneke

Friday mosque in Yazd, Iran.
Hotel in Yazd, Iran.

City in central Iran with 360,000 inhabitants (2005 estimate). It is situated on the border zone between the Great Salt Desert to the north and the Great Sand Desert to the south. It is the capital of Yazd Province with 950,000 inhabitants (2005 estimate) and an area of 73,467 km².
Yazd has been the junction for the trading routes between Fars and Khorasan, Iraq and Kerman as well as for trade from India and central Asia. Yazd is famous for its silk textiles. Other industries include spinning and weaving mills, production of water purification and filtration equipment, mining and quarrying. Agricultural products include almonds, some grain, wheat, barley, cotton, oilseeds, indigo plants, fruits, and vegetables. Yazd is well connected by road and railway to Kerman 300 km southeast, Qom 700 km northwest, Esfahan 400 km west and Teheran 900 km northwest. It also has an airport.
Yazd is famous for its many religious buildings, and has been referred to as "Home of Piety". Its importance as a religious centre dates back to times before the arrival of Islam. The Friday Mosque has one of the highest minarets of Iran. Yazd is characteristic for its many wind towers, a necessity with the high summer temperatures out here between the deserts. One interesting feature of the city structures is the network of tunnels to carry water from the Shir Khu Mountain. Yazd has 12 bazaars
Yazd is today the last centre of Zoroastrianism of some size. About a quarter, or 12,000 Zoroastrians live here, and maintain a number of religious buildings like the Ateshkade, a fire temple said to have kept a sacred flame burning for about 1,500 years. The Tower of Silence (for burial) out of town is no longer in use.

5th century CE: Yazd is founded.

By Tore Kjeilen