Once again, the honour is General Lyautey's. Being the Resident-General of French Morocco from 1912, he came just about in time to stop the ongoing demolition of the medina. Instead he ordered the new quarters of Rabat to be built to its south; the north was already taken by the Oued Bou Regreg river.
The result of Rabat is highly successful. The French quarters are quite beautiful, very popular and lively. Gardens and cafes dominate all across this friendly city.Through the new quarters run the Avenue Muhammad 5, almost parallel to the Almohad wall. Still, the scale everything has been built by is not that to match a capital of a country with a huge city like Casablanca.